|How to Prevent Gingivitis & Periodontitis|
Gum disease is a common dental problem that in most cases can be easily prevented. Unfortunately, as proved by epidemiological studies, the majority of the population appears to have gum disease problems because they fail to follow the necessary preventive measures. Advanced gum disease (periodontitis) is the major cause of tooth loss.
Prevention of gum disease can be achieved by eliminating the causative factors that lead to gum infections and periodontal disease. Simple measures that can help prevent gingivitis & periodontitis include:
Bacterial plaque is considered as the main cause of gum inflammation that leads to gum disease. Prevention and treatment of gum disease is not possible if dental plaque is not under control. This can be achieved by:
Your dentist can identify any initial signs of gum disease before it starts to permanently damage the gums and bone. Many general dentists include Periodontal Screening and Recording (PSR) that involves measuring of periodontal pockets as part of a regular dental examination. Patients who have had any form of periodontal disease may need to visit their dentist or periodontist more frequently.
Check your gums regularly for any signs of gum diseases. Visit your dentist if you notice gum bleeding, a change in the color or texture of the gums, gum swelling or any other symptom of periodontal disease.
Except of all other known health problems caused by smoking, it is also considered as a major cause of gum disease. Smokers have much higher risk not only for periodontal disease and tooth loss but also for oral cancer.
A well balanced diet rich in vitamins can help in the prevention of gum disease. Avoid excessive sugar consumption that can promote the growth of dental plaque bacteria. Do not eat sweets between meals. Healthy diet can make it easier for the body to fight an infection.
Periodontal disease can cause permanent damage to the gingival tissues and jaw bone that can lead to tooth loss. Treatment can require expensive periodontal surgery procedures. Dental implants, bridges or dentures will be needed if tooth loss has occurred. Following the instructions for the prevention of gum disease can help to stop gingivitis and periodontitis before they develop.